Recently, six departments such as the Ministry of Education jointly issued the Measures for Promotion of School-enterprise Cooperation in Vocational Schools (hereinafter referred to as “the Measures”). By clarifying the target principles for the cooperation between schools and enterprises in vocational schools, implementing the main body, forms of cooperation, promotion measures and supervision and inspection, a basic institutional framework for cooperation between schools and enterprises shall be established.
According to Ministry of Education, the integration of industry and education (“Chan jiao rong he”) and the cooperation between school and enterprises (“xiao qi he zuo”) are the basic mode of running a vocational education and the key to running a vocational education well.
The cooperation between schools and enterprises in the Measures refers to the cooperative activities implemented by middle and higher vocational schools and enterprises in the process of implementing vocational education through such measures as common education, cooperative research, co-establishment of institutions and sharing of resources. A cooperation mechanism that is led by schools and enterprises, promoted by the government, guided by the industry, and implemented by schools and enterprises.
The cooperation between vocational schools and enterprises ranges from training students, technological innovation, employment and entrepreneurship, social services to cultural heritage. Specifically, the cooperation can involve such activities, like co-establishing a vocational school, research and develop professional standards, develop curriculum, teaching standards and teaching materials, teaching aids according to the needs of the job market. They may co-develop training programs for employees. Besides, the dual education by schools and enterprises in the forms of apprenticeship cooperation, joint recruitment of students, in accordance with the mode of combination of work and study “gong xue jie he”.
The next step will be to actively carry out the Pilot Project. According to the regional development strategy and industrial layout, about 10 provinces, 100 cities, and 1000 model vocational schools (Vocational Education Group) and enterprises are selected to join the pilot program. Enterprises, especially state-owned enterprises will be supported to run vocational schools and social capital is encouraged to participate in vocational education. “The best practices of cross-regional vocational education group are highly welcomed! “